Good to be reading some good news stories on here lately! Got a few (probably dumb) questions if anyone can help: My wife and step daughter arrived in the UK in January 2019, whats the earliest point I can apply for them to remain? Confused about FLR and ILR. Can I not just apply for ILR straight away? If now when can I apply for ILR My wife is working here now so paying NI contributions. Will she have to pay the NHS surcharge again? Somebody told me she would have to take an English test again. Surely this is not the case and her certificate when applying for her visa will still be valid? Like I said perhaps dumb questions but would appreciate any advice.